Understanding Tooth Anatomy and Composition

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

You’re aware that you use your teeth every day for chewing, and you may even know how important they are to your speech, but how much do you know about your tooth’s anatomy? Here is a quick primer.

  • Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, and it covers the outer surface of your teeth. It is made mostly of an extremely hard mineral called calcium phosphate.
  • Dentin makes up the layer just below your tooth’s enamel. It consists of living cells that secrete a mineral substance.
  • Pulp is the soft, inner part of each tooth that contains its blood supply and nerves.
  • Cementum is made from connective tissue that binds the roots of your teeth to your gum tissue and jaw.
  • Your periodontal ligament holds your teeth firmly against your jaw.
  • The crown is the visible part of your tooth that you see inside your mouth. Your tooth root reaches below the gum line and into your jaw.

The Types of Teeth

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • The eight incisors are the middle teeth located on the upper and lower jaw—four on each.
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canines.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Your Teeth Healthy with Proper Dental Care

An affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, but even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you notice signs of a problem such as bleeding gums or visible discoloration of a tooth, see your dentist immediately.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Virginia, call Dental One Associates of Virginia today at (855) 979-3337 or make an appointment.

Dental One Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Virginia. With 5 affiliated practices throughout Virginia, our offices are conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Dental One Associates of Virginia, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Dental One Associates of Virginia.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Anytime during my surgery if the doctor saw I was having any discomfort he asked if I was okay and gave me more numbing stuff anytime I felt the slightest pain. Great staff, everyone had a smile on […]
Caitlyn B.
Staff friendly and take me right on time for my appointment !
Karen M.
Quality service
Tom S.
Well with me walking in about 24 hours before my scheduled appointment for the first step in getting another tooth crowned and you all took me pretty much immediately, I’d say that’s star […]
William B.
The procedure went very well and they took good care of me.
Jeff M.
You took vood care of me even when I was nervous.
Jessica H.
Very friendly ! More than accommodating.
John O.
Always professional
Barbara C.
The dentist helped my fearful son thru a cavity and extraction and made it all no big deal.
Tyler E.
All of the staff are caring, professional, and go out of their way to ensure that your experience is a great one!
Linda W.
Very competent and professional as well as friendly.
Elaine P.
I was incredibly nervous about even calling a dentist as I had put it off too long and now was in pain. The very first person I spoke to on the phone helped me feel better by being so kind. Everyone […]
Elizabeth B.
Entire staff is warm and welcoming professional, and highly competent.
Karen F.
Everyone I was in contracted with treated me with kindness and it really does matter. Dr. Z and his hygienist were wonderful. Dr. Z explained the process and procedure. He and his staff are truly […]
Chieko H.
Great experience. Got in fast, great staff, clean facility.
Tonya W.
Dr. Valleru is a wonderful Dr at Dental One Associates in Woodbridge VA. Her and all the staff at this location was very helpful with their service and answered all and any questions that I had. I […]
Darylron C.
Awesome experience!!! Enjoyed the employees and atmosphere!!!
E. B.
Friendly staff, great service (and a most excellent dentist!)
R C.
Greet service.
Bernadett D.
Great dentists, assistants and staff.
Shahrzad N.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here